Thursday, September 3, 2020

Personal Constructs Theory (PCT) Analysis

Individual Constructs Theory (PCT) Analysis Individual Constructs Theory †A Systematic Study Title/Abstract In this investigation we intend to give an examination of a subject’s issues utilizing the Personal Constructs Theory (PCT) proposed by Kelly. The subject is a multi year old female full time representative working in a similar organization as the analyst and has demonstrated no hindrances to interpreting. The subject’s issues with her connections have been resolved utilizing the Repertory matrix meeting and we talk about outcomes and give an examination of the discoveries following the meeting and information assortment. The meeting was done to recognize components inside the client’s connections and all meeting impediments have been considered for the examination. We give an examination of Personal Constructs Theory when all is said in done giving a short diagram of its primary premises and standards and afterward proceed onward to its applications including the Grid talk with strategy on our customer. We talk about the outcomes and break down the discoveries i n like manner. Presentation George Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory (PCT) underlines that the world is ‘perceived’ by an individual as indicated by the importance the individual applies to it and the individual has the opportunity to pick a significance as indicated by what the person needs (Kelly, 1955). In this manner an individual has the opportunity to pick a significance as far as which he sees the world and can apply elective developments or implications to his past, present and future occasions. Subsequently an individual isn't a survivor of his occasions yet can free himself from horrendous occasions by rethinking and reclassifying them. As per Kelly (1955) PCT endeavors to clarify why a man does what he does and is a hypothesis about ‘how the human procedure streams, how it endeavors in new ways just as in old, and how it might set out just because to venture into the profundities of recently saw dimensions’ Kelly expresses that a ‘persons forms are mentally channelized by the manners by which he foresee the events’(1955). Here, the subject is the procedure and the individual is a carrying on life form who may require an outer power to start an occasion. The procedures incorporate those of self-definition and associations with others, and how we decipher occasions around us just as the occasions we see and jobs that needs to be done (Kelly 1955). Kelly put together his hypothesis of PCT with respect to ‘man as the scientist’ model and the fundamental focuses were as per the following: the individual makes their own particular manners of seeing the world and deciphers occasions as indicated by how he see them the individual forms percepts and develops; these develops are composed into frameworks, or gathering of builds which epitomize connections; at least two frameworks may contain similar occasions, yet the occasions are independent from any of the frameworks; any individual’s frameworks have a distinct foci The term develop is an idea that speaks to the view an individual has built about the world as he encounters it. Builds additionally speak to the manner in which an individual is probably going to translate the world and the develop framework in general speaks to the history and inclination to see the world with a specific goal in mind. Kelly additionally recognized social reality, singular reality and mutuality. Singularity indicates that each individual contrast from one another by they way they build or see the world, commonness alludes to the basic similitudes or basic components in recognition and how the development of involvement with one individual is like that of another (Kelly, 1955). Social the truth is impression of how one individual interprets the development procedures of someone else and how they are associated with a social job. Individual build hypothesis has been utilized in a few sociological and logical orders and it has been underlined that social reality and collection ought to be considered alongside the individual or individual reality and both must be viewed as together in building up a comprehension of the mental procedures (Dalton, 1992). The hypothesis of Personal Constructs, calls attention to that it is our own mental develops that make the world unsurprising. We use build frameworks to help in view of the world and react to all circumstances as indicated by these observations. Our build frameworks help us to comprehend the world, to make it unsurprising, to make inferences about circumstances and end results and we gain from encounters and alter our conduct as needs be (Fransella, 1995). Kelly composed that the develop frameworks impact our desires and observations and mirror our past encounters as indicated by which we shape our future desires. For instance since we known from our past encounters that winters are cold, we would take satisfactory proportions of insurance during winter since we anticipate that winters should be cold. Anyway as per Kelly, our develop frameworks develop and change and are not static and are either affirmed or tested when we are cognizant. We adjust and vaccinate our develops as indicated by the circumstance and change our emotions as per our encounters. We likewise will in general think and respond as indicated by our develop frameworks and a few builds speak to qualities and key connections which are hard to change and fixed though some different builds are not so much mind boggling but rather more adaptable and versatile. Reality with regards to the world as comprehended and experienced decides the idea of the develop framework. Build frameworks are not commonly decided by any target truth and rely upon an individual’s individual sentiments, observations and decisions (Dalton, 1992). One individual’s develop framework might be unique in relation to another’s and when there is a general difference in builds, it is for the most part signified by preference or p reviously established inclination. In spite of the fact that contentions and contrasts of conclusions are unsavory, these occasions help us to comprehend contrasts in individuals and help us to figure out how others see things (Stevens, 1996). Anyway develop frameworks change and may not be through and through inside steady. Individuals may respond or see things distinctively even in comparable conditions and this is ordinary as there is a sure level of interior irregularity in impression of occasions. Twists of judgment because of inner irregularity of individual develops can be hurtful for an individual as he may experience the ill effects of individual trouble. The degree to which one individual can acknowledge and respond to another person’s develops is a proportion of sympathy or how one sees another (Banister, 1985). One person’s build framework might be especially unique in relation to another person’s develops yet one ought to have the option to surmise the different person’s build so as to understand build up a feeling of social unity and duty. Kelly’s hypothesis is one of the best speculations in social examination and assists with giving a mental clarification of social likenesses and contrasts. The uses of Kelly’s hypothesis of Personal builds are wide and changed as it assists with giving scientific portrayals of develops frameworks. Develop frameworks are multidimensional scientific models and a person’s language is utilized to characterize their encounters. Kelly built up various scientific models and portrayals of develop frameworks and tried theories that followed from essential individual build hypothesis (Fransella and Banister, 1977). To comprehend people’s individual build frameworks the repertory Grid Interview strategy was grown, otherwise called the Role Construct Repertory Test. The collection of builds that an individual creates speaks to some type of discernment, judgment or assessment and is consistently near. Along these lines judgment of anything great is in correlation with the idea of awful. In this way in utilizing a Grid talk with three components are thought of and afterward two are matched interestingly with a third. The hypothes is of individual develops can be applied to individual encounters and connections thus guardians, relations, companions, partners and the individual are to a great extent liable for the arrangement of builds (Smith et al, 1995; Kalekin-Fishman et al, 1996). Kelly inspired a patient’s develops, evaluated the various components on the builds and utilized the resultant framework to bring up to the customer what his essential issues or concerns were. This assisted with choosing which treatment would be significant and assisted with deciding the advancement and viability of treatment. For instance one could locate the two components in an individual relationship of a patient and his mom and utilize this method to discover contrasts between a patient’s impression of himself and what his mom might want him to be. The patient would then be urged to give a self depiction and work through methods for making his relationship with his mom progressively charming and profitable. On the off chance that there are neurotic components perceived in a patient’s impression of himself or his connections, proper restorative intercessions are proposed. The Repertory Grid talking with strategy was created by Kelly to defeat a portion of the methodological impediments of the meeting technique. The fundamental strides of the Grid procedure incorporate Choosing a lot of components †this could be anything from connections to issues and the components could be individuals associated with these associations with the customer. The components are taken in gatherings of three and the customer is solicited to match two from them isolating the third as per an exceptional trademark (Adams-Webber, 1983). Hence here the separation is finished by builds dictated by the customer and is done on a bipolar scale with the questioner setting up the inquiry yet the customer deciding the substance (Anderson, 1987). The builds are inspected in some detail and after the meeting the constru

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Peruvian Andean Women Free Essays

This examination will concentrate on the Andean lady of Peru in the sixteen century. To start with, I will investigate the job that the lady played in the Inca society. Besides, I will think about the effect the Spanish attack had on the job lady played in her connection, in the family, in religion and in connection with profitable exercises and legislative issues. We will compose a custom article test on Peruvian Andean Women or on the other hand any comparable point just for you Request Now Later on, I will examine the opposing view of the Andean lady as a casualty and as a skilful arbitrator. Besides, I will concentrate on change and continuation of the jobs that ladies played in the public eye. The effect of the adjustments in the demography of Andean people group and everywhere throughout the Inca domain, the work division and debasement of the status that ladies played in the public arena interestingly with the connection between Spanish men and Indigenous ladies and its repercussions in the general public. Peruvian Andean Woman Before the appearance of Spaniards onto Peruvian soil, Andean lady delighted in a regarded position in the Inca society and was a functioning teammate and member of the political, strict and financial existence of the Inca Empire. Silverblatt (1978); presents various components to show the equal job of lady and man in Inca social orders, similar to the structure of connections, she saw that ladies were qualified for acquire lands following her maternal line and men through their fatherly line. She additionally sees that the expert in the connection was not identified with sexual orientation yet to birth request. She keeps concentrating on the dynamic job of ladies in the economy and their work jobs; practicing as weavers, brewers, brokers and agronomists. A reference to an argue to Carlos V of Spain, mentioning insurance for indigenous ladies from Spaniard’s manhandles, stresses the significance of women’s fill in as fundamental to family unit work and integral to men’s. Karen Viera Powers (2000) saw the conflict among Spanish and local comprehension of sex relations, sex jobs and sexuality. She places uncommon accentuation in sexual orientation parallelism and correlative jobs of people, recognizing that ladies and men performed diverse social, political and monetary jobs; yet that these where seen as similarly mportant and that their commitments were esteemed in a similar way. Forces contends that marriage was not a type of subjection but rather that â€Å"the Andean function plainly represented an association of equivalents through a custom blessing trade among a couple and between their families that was proposed to make parity and concordance between peers. † The Spanish couldn't comprehend the manner by which the Inca Empire worked, the Spanish neglected to appreciate the correspondence, equal and correlative exercises acted in the network and affected an efficient framework for eternity. The job of ladies in pregnancy, labor and childcare was related with ripeness and thought about critical to the resource and endurance of the network. Consistently the networks in the Inca domain were investigated by the Inca authorities whom had the errand to picked the most delightful virgins to become spouses of the Inca. The virgins called acllas, that implies picked in Quechua, were separated in extraordinary establishments to monitor their sexuality. These ladies were master weavers that delivered fine fabrics that were utilized in strict services or given as endowments to Inca’s partners. Some were taken by the Inca as second spouses or wedded to Inca nobles or to leaders of vanquished domains to seal unions. Polygamy and exogamy for political reasons for existing was exceptionally normal among the tip top individuals from the Inca Empire. At the point when the Spanish showed up, the Incas attempted to merge unions with them through contribution ladies in marriage. In the expressions of Karen Viera Powers: The Inca’s task of delightful young ladies to be spouses to his partners, not just made intra-tip top and interethnic bonds through a prize framework, yet additionally delivered a refined, half breed political framework. The job of the ladies in the frontier society has been concentrated with bias towards ladies. Elinor Burkett (1978) censures writers who have composed with partiality towards ladies and presents an alternate methodology concentrating on â€Å"indigenous society by considering tribute as a family unit as opposed to an individual commitment. † Men and ladies filled in as a group, as did the entire family. To be sure people even mutual a few callings. Karen Graubart (2000) clarifies this by refering to the annals of Fray Bernabe Cobo: The Indian ladies turn at home, however when they head outside, regardless of whether they are sanding in one spot or strolling. For whatever length of time that they are not accomplishing something different with their hands, strolling doesn't meddle with their turning, which is the thing that the majority of them are doing when we meet them on the streets†¦. In spite of the fact that ladies are the ones who for the most part practice this occupation as their own, by the by, in certain spots the men believe it to be their own too. In the wake of making the string, it is multiplied and contorted; they never weave with single strings. Similar ladies bend it similarly as they turn it, and a portion of the men will for the most part help in this, particularly the elderly people men who can't accomplish other work. Karen Graubert (2000) contends that the accounts are predisposition recognizing the work performed by Andean ladies as appropriate: when they weave, make chicha (corn brew), cook and attempt other sort of horticultural work. At the point when the Andean men delivered materials they were considered as craftsmans. While both, types of people were delivering an article of clothing to be paid as tribute for the state and religion, these exercises were distinguished and built as particular. Graubert watched an increasingly point by point depiction of the works performed by ladies in the compositions of Pedro Cieza de Leon, when he says: These ladies are diligent employees: since they are the ones who break the ground, and sow the fields, and procure the harvests. What's more, a considerable lot of their spouses are in the house weaving and turning and fixing their weapons and garments, and†¦ doing other female exercises. The Spanish had an ethnocentric perspective on how society, sexual orientation relations and religion should be. They forced their political models onto Andean social orders and decimated the association of the Inca society. Ladies were expelled from their previous places of power, and the general public was changed into a male-driven society where ladies needed to rely upon men for formal portrayal. Under Spanish standard, the Inca aristocrats were not permitted to go to new schools, just indigenous men were permitted into the educative framework set up by monks to instruct the local world class. The Inca Queens of the Andes lost her status. Her job as the hub of the female political framework was disposed of. The Spanish confidence barred ladies of all interest in strict practices and ladies were illegal to perform previous jobs of birthing assistant, healer and questioner. In spite of the fact that, notwithstanding all the endeavors of the Spanish to change over Indians and acquainted them with Christianity, Indians discovered approaches to clutch their convictions and to proceed with their familial practices. As per Irene Silverblatt (1978): Among the chronicled material there is a lawful suit which records a clique to â€Å"Woman Moon,† a goddess worshiped by ladies from a few neighboring networks. This ladylike religion crossed network limits, articulating ladies from various family bunches in an association revolved around the love of the moon. The Spanish, impacted by 800 years of war with the Moors, saw the world under man centric eyes and censured these practices. The change of the Inca society occurred through Catholic syncretism; Andeans comprehended the new religion through their strict thinks, partner the picture of Mary and female holy people with the moon and mother earth. Spanish ministers didn't rest underlining the significance of virginity and presented legitimate codes that characterized extramarital sex as criminal (Powers, 2000). The new Spanish framework to constrained work, made changes in the job of ladies yet in addition affected the demography of the networks everywhere throughout the Inca Empire. A case of this is found in crafted by Bianca Premo; she watched an imbalanced populace in the Chucuito statistics, lopsidedness that she ascribes to a â€Å"combination of trickiness and genuine absence† of men: Almost 45 percent of grown-up ladies were supposed to be unmarried†¦ The all out number of unmarried grown-ups in the territory appears to be higher than may be normal in networks where land rights were connected to marriage and where marriage produced adulthood. The manner by which the Spanish utilized, manhandled and changed the association of the tributary Inca framework and its systems and lines of connection have brought about impoverishment and disconnection of Andean locales. While in the Inca tributary framework, the legislature burdened just people who were hitched, during the Spanish guideline the duties were forced on men, ladies and widows. While the Andean male populace was being drained in the mines and through contaminations and maladies, the Spanish populaces became because of movement and higher birth rates (Powers, 2000). In 1618, enactment was sanctioned expecting ladies to remain in the towns, regardless of whether their spouses were missing or had vanished. As Premo (2000) watched, the work in mines, particularly on account of Potosi, left the network of Chicuito and other close by networks without the help of men; single ladies and widows were paying tribute by weaving materials, with the guide of small kids. Premo refered to a nearby pioneer announcing: The entire network is working to help the tribute and it is difficult to pay in silver more than we as of now are neither ladies nor the old nor the kids can contribute more. In a network called Juli, Jesuits ministers were denounced to have had ladies loc

Friday, August 21, 2020

Job Options With a Masters in Business Administration

Occupation Options With a Masters in Business Administration What Is a MBA Degree? A Masters in Business Administration, or a MBA as it is more ordinarily known, is a propelled business degree that can be earned by understudies who have just earned an unhitched males degree in business or another field. The MBA degree is one of the most esteemed and looked for after degrees on the planet. Gaining a MBA can prompt a more significant pay, a situation in the board, and attractiveness in an ever-advancing occupation showcase. Expanded Earnings With a MBA Numerous individuals try out a Masters in Business Administration program with the expectation of gaining more cash after graduation. Despite the fact that there is no assurance that you will get more cash-flow, a MBA pay is likely higher. In any case, the specific sum you acquire is reliant on the activity you do and the business college you move on from. An ongoing investigation of MBA pay rates from BusinessWeek found that the middle base pay for MBA graduates is $105,000. Harvard Business School graduates gain a normal beginning compensation of $134,000 while alumni of second-level schools, for example, Arizona State (Carey) or Illinois-Urbana Champaign, procure a normal beginning pay of $72,000. In general, money pay for MBAs is noteworthy paying little heed to the school from which it is gotten. The BusinessWeek study expressed that middle money remuneration over a 20-year time span, for all the schools in the investigation, was $2.5 million. Read progressively about the amount you can gain with a MBA. Well known Job Options for MBA Graduates In the wake of procuring a Masters in Business Administration, most graduates look for some kind of employment in the business field. They may acknowledge employments with huge enterprises, however similarly as regularly take occupations with little or fair size organizations and non-benefit associations. Other vocation alternatives incorporate counseling positions or enterprise. Well known Job Titles Well known occupation titles for MBAs incorporate however are not restricted to: AccountantAdvertising ExecutiveBusiness ManagerCEOCIOCorporate Communications ManagerCorporate RecruiterExecutive RecruiterFinance Officer or Financial ManagerFinancial AnalystHotel or Motel ManagerHuman Resources Director or ManagerManagement AnalystManagement ConsultantMarketing Director or ManagerMarketing Research AnalystPR SpecialistProduct Manager Working in Management MBA degrees much of the time lead to upper administration positions. Another graduate may not begin in such a position, yet unquestionably has the chance to climb the vocation stepping stool quicker than non-MBA partners. Organizations That Hire MBAs Organizations in each industry around the globe search out business and the executives experts with a MBA instruction. Each business, from modest new companies to enormous Fortune 500 organizations, needs somebody with experience and the vital training to help basic business forms like bookkeeping, money, HR, showcasing, advertising, deals, and the board. To become familiar with where you can work subsequent to winning a Masters in Business Administration, look at this rundown of the 100 top MBA bosses.

Monday, June 8, 2020

Advantage and Disadvantage of Each of Assessment Methods - 550 Words

Advantage and Disadvantage of Each of Assessment Methods (Essay Sample) Content: ResponseName:Institution:The student has given the question one of the best approaches ever. He commences the work giving an overall view on the topic and then providing some recommendations like the learning processes that would be used, besides giving an overview of interprofessional teamwork. These create the image that the student understood question. Again, the methods that the student has chosen to use to evaluate if his students are achieving the programs outcome are quite appropriate and practicable. The methods, team-based learning and simulation learning, are quite easy to implement in the field. As the work unfolds, the students have successfully discussed these two proposed methods into details. The students commences each of the topics by giving explicitgeneral information about the methods, this is an indication that the student has efficaciously done much research on these methods and is able to express his mind. One of the methods is simulation which is a learning strategy that educators can put into practice in a lab setting (Lateef, 2010). The other method is team based learning that gives room for the students to learn as a team and achieve goals jointly (Cheng,et al. 2014). The students seem to have read the instruction and followed the instructions well. He expeditiously explains these methods and narrows to the advantages and disadvantages of the methods. By giving the disadvantages, the student portrays the strengths of these methods, he creates a room for everyone to see every good aspect of the methods; he tries to convince us with the methods. It is indeed a good part as it acts as the conduit connecting the proposed methods to the world of reality. He placed a worthwhile effort in this part to ensure he convinces any prospective stakeholder. The work has also captured the disadvantages of both the methods; these have come out to be weaker than the strengths thus, creating a room for us to evaluate the efficiency of t he methods. References

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Child Marriages A human rights issue - 2995 Words

Most of the world knows the Muslim Middle East as a place for coveting oil, having a captivating culture and spicy cuisine. Yet the Middle East is also a place with a history filled with continuous civil wars, poverty, and social and political turbulence. In these strange lands it is often unclear who really makes the laws, a place where more children can be found begging on the street then in school. The fate of young village girls rest in the hands of tribal chiefs, within the home older brothers and fathers are the law. In the Middle Eastern Countryside women are not taught to make choices. At their age they do not ask questions. All children are delivered at home, their mothers’ laying on a woven mat swearing suffering, terribly†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"According to Yemeni law, it is difficult for you to file a complaint against your husband and your father†(Ali, 81). Since children are born without identification documents, marriage is a contract signed and unanimously approved by the men in the family. The marriage of young girls is traced to an Ancient Tradition. Upon asking her mother, â€Å"Whatever did I do to deserve this?†(Ali, 91), And why she was being married off and later beaten, and raped by her new husband her mother responded, â€Å"That’s how life is, Nujood: all woman must endure this; we have all gone through the same thing†(Ali, 96). The problem with the concept of child marriages is that it steams from a seemly pure and honest source . In these villages â€Å"There is even a tribal proverb that says, ‘to guarantee a happy marriage, marry a nine-year-old girl†(Ali, 75). With ancient proverbs saying to marry young woman, there really is no room for debate. Upon Nujood’s mother asking her father his response was, â€Å"Too young? When the prophet Mohammed wed Aisha, she was only nine years old† (Ali, 54). Within the Qur’an the life of the prophet Mohammed is written with detail explicitly describing his marriage and marriage consummation to his own young bride. The codependent relationship between religion, marriage, and politics is extremely intricate. In Islamic culture as explored in Sex, Marriage, and Family in World Religions â€Å"TheShow MoreRelatedStruggle for Children’s Rights987 Words   |  4 Pagesof a 10-year-old wife - who was suffering from child marriage (Worth, â€Å"Voices Child Marriage Yemen†). Child marriage is a terrible scenario for children, especially for little girls. They are forced to marry, before they are mature enough due to social norms, traditions and their family members, whom they are depending on. According to statistics in 2013, in Bangladesh, the child marriage prevalence under the age of 18 is 66%. 240 among 100,000 child wives died, when they gave birth. In Niger, thisRead MoreThe Issue Of Child Marriage1637 Words   |  7 PagesUnited States, marriage is seen as a sacred and consensual institution, but in developing countries, many children are introduced to marriage in a different manner. According to the United Nations Population Fund, one girl in every three is married before the age of eighteen in developing countries (Child Marriage, 1). Are the measures previously taken by the International Law community that attempt to put and end to child marriages an effective measure to stop this violation of human rights? I argue thatRead MoreThe Sexual Offences Bill 2015 Essay1255 Words   |  6 Pagesvery strong link to the subject of child marriage in Nigeria hence the reason of its examination as it relates to child marriage and the CRA in line with the legal implications if it were to be made law. The SOB has left a trail of controversy with regards to its provisions on matters such as child marriage, age of sexual consent and pedophilia. To start with, section 7(1- 4) of the Bill states; (1) A person who commits an act which causes penetration with a child is guilty of an offence called defilementRead MoreThe Issue Of Child Marriage Essay1266 Words   |  6 PagesChild marriage is one of the hardest things a teenage child could face. It is basically a violation of children’s human rights. It is strictly prohibited by international law. Early marriage takes away the girls right to make important decisions about their sexual health and well being. Historically, patriarchal societies have marginalized women in various aspects across the world. Women disenfranchisement, in this way, is not a new phenomenon. However, with the passage of time women have been ableRead MoreThe Problem Of Human Rights1581 Words   |  7 PagesHuman rights have yet to become the major local ap proach to social justice as applied to the practice of early marriage in the Amhara Regional State, in Ethiopia. Currently, the language of rights in Ethiopia is intertwined with the formal law and the packaging of rights via government channels. There is negligible political space for the international human rights norms to penetrate the community without the intermediary role of government institutions and networks. This to the large part is attributedRead MoreGender And Gender Equality866 Words   |  4 Pageslens of women’s rights, gender equality is ever-present in modern day society. Formally, women’s rights can be defined as the rights that promote a position of legal and social equality of women in relation to men. This inconsistency remains a monumental barrier to human development. Females are discriminated against in many facets of life. For instance, it can be found within the fields of health, politics, business, and education. Gender Equality with Child Marriage Child marriages, defined asRead MoreThe Gay Marriage Should Be Legal947 Words   |  4 PagesDefending Gay Marriage During the last few years, homosexuality has become an important issue for debate. Moreover, homosexuals have taken their case further by claiming their right to marry. Same-sex marriage, usually known as â€Å"gay marriage†, is the marriage between two people from the same biological sex (Doskow1). Since 2000, eleven countries have approved the legalization of gay marriage worldwide: Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Canada, South Africa, Norway, Sweden, Portugal, Iceland, ArgentinaRead MoreThe Role Of Globalisation On Emergence, Development And Outcomes Of Social Movements1515 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Human rights abuses are one of the major issues in society. With the rise of globalisation and emergence of international and domestic social movements the problem has been reduced however it is still alive. This essay aims to investigate the influence of globalisation on emergence, development and outcomes of social movements that seek to protect human rights. (60 words) Case One of the most serious human rights violations are forced child marriages. Child marriage is defined as aRead MoreChild Marriage And Low Levels Of Education989 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to a study determined by UNICEF, Niger has the highest rate of child marriage in the world. Countless Nigerien girls are taken out of school and married off every year, and can legally get married off at the age of just 15 with 75% of girls getting married before their eighteenth birthday (UNICEF). Activists sat that girls as young as seven are sold as brides in Niger. Across the globe, we see these rates are highest in this particular region, and it makes us wonder why it’s happening mostlyRead MoreThe Debate Over The Legalization Of Same Sex Marriage1264 Words   |  6 Pagesprevalent examples of this is the ongoing debate over the legalization of same-sex marriage within America. In the article â€Å"Supreme Court should make gay marriage a national right† by the editorial sta ff at the Boston Globe, the importance of the upcoming Supreme Court ruling on same sex marriage was stressed because it is a topic that has been dodged thus far. While numerous federal circuit courts have ruled on this issue, some in favor and some opposed, the legal dispute of whether the decision should

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Strategic Framework for Customer Relationship Management

A Strategic Framework for Customer Relationship Management Introduction: This article explores the plethora of literature available on CRM and relationship marketing and emphasizes the need for a single, process-based framework that helps in making a comprehensive CRM strategy followed by its successful implementation. The objective is to highlight CRM’s role in enhancing customer value and, in turn the shareholder value. Various CRM and marketing experts, who provide their views in the article, emphasize the need for a cross-functional, process-oriented approach which identifies three alternative perspectives†¦show more content†¦Next are the business/customer strategy and the value creation processes. The business strategy process can commence with a review of a company’s vision and its relation to the CRM model. It is followed by the review of the industrial and competitive environment. Here the traditional industry analysis is augmented by more contemporary approaches for deeper environmental analysis and the understanding the i mpact of disruptive technologies. Customer strategy on the other hand, deals with CRM perspective which requires a cross functional approach, especially when different departments are involved in strategy development. Other important facets are information management process and performance assessment. Information management is concerned with the collection, integration and use of customer data and information from all processes. It involves managing assets like the data repository, IT systems and analysis tools. Data repository provides a corporate memory of all customers. Systems include the organization’s computer hardware, software, middleware IT, front office and back office applications like SFA and call center management. Lastly, analysis tools support many activities involved in interfacing directly with customers with technologies like data mining. The article also talks about Multichannel Integration process, which takes into account the combinations of different channels with customer interaction perspective.Show MoreRelatedA Strategic Framework For Customer Relationship Management771 Words   |  4 Pages4: A Strategic Framework for Customer Relationship Management Sushanth Kothapally Introduction This paper enhances the bread of CRM awareness thus helping in adding more customer value and consequently shareholder value. The paper discusses alternative perspectives of CRM where Payne and Frow (2005) emphasizes the need cross-functional, process-oriented approach that positions CRM at a strategic level. The paper identifies five such processes and goes on to develop a new conceptual framework SummaryRead MoreImplementation Of A Strategic Management System835 Words   |  4 Pages This paper extends the REA framework to include broader definitions of the model terms and encompass the balanced scorecard’s learning and growth perspective information requirements. The balanced scorecard includes financial and nonfinancial measures from which performance is compared to as part of a strategic management system. The REA framework focuses on economic activity (very close to the traditional accounting view) whereas the balanced scorecard goes beyond economic information to includeRead MoreHardware and Project Considerations When Implementing a New CRM System1638 Words   |  7 PagesSystem The most effective Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems are deliberately designed to align and enhance the strategic initiatives and programs of a given business or enterprise. They must take into account customer preferences, needs and wants as well, and strive to create a foundation of shared information and insight over time There are a myriad of studies that show how effective CRM systems are in transforming businesses and making them more customer-centric, profitable and responsiveRead MoreTechnology-Related Decision Making in Organizations1472 Words   |  6 PagesTurbulent Enterprise Software Industry Introduction The greater the risk, uncertainty and disruptive innovations in a given industry, the more critically important it is for governance frameworks to guide Information Technology (IT) investments and initiatives. Governance transcends the tactical and brings the strategic IT requirements to a high priority in any organizational structure, concentrating on how to keep information systems agile enough to meet user needs while being stable enough to sustainRead MoreShareholder Value Added1083 Words   |  5 PagesWhile, value is added when the overall net income cash flow of the business exceeds the economic cost of all the capital employed to produce the operating profit. Methadology The Shareholder Value Added is a most recommended approach in assisting management in decision making process where the application include performance monitoring, capital budgeting, output pricing and market value of the entity. 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Canadas Economy in 1996 Essay Example For Students

Canadas Economy in 1996 Essay Canadas Economy in 1996To investigate the state of the Canadian economy, it is very useful totrack Canadas six major economic goals: economic growth, economic stability,economic efficiency, economic equity, viable balance of payments, and lowunemployment. At a given time, Canada is achieving some of these goals whilefalling behind on some of the others. When taken all into consideration, thesegoals give an indication of how well Canada has been doing and the stage of thebusiness cycle the Canadian economy is in. In 1996-1997, Canada is in slightrecession and is only meeting the goals of economic stability, and viablebalance of payments. Canada can be said to be in a period of slight recession because there isa downswing in economic activity. To confirm a true recovery, an economy mustshow no growth for two consecutive quarters. However, Canada is not in a truerecession because there was a 3.0% growth in the third quarter, compared to2.2% in the second quarter. Eventhough it is not true recession, the slowgrowth is a sure sign of a slight one. Low inflation is also is also prevalentand is symptomatic of a weak economy. A low inflation rate of 1.4% in November1996 does not provide much of an indication for economic growth and expansion. A shrinking positive balance of payments indicates these are tough economictimes. A fourth indication of a slight recession is the high unemployment rate. An unemployment rate of 10.0% in November 1996 is definitely not a sign ofstrong economic recovery. Canada is always trying to work towards the goal of economic growth. Economic growth is the percentage change of GDP over a period of time and isalso known as the growth rate. In 1996, Canadas GDP has been increasing slowlysince the first quarter. The GDP in the first quarter was 1.8%, then increasedto 2.2% in the second quarter, and in the third quarter it rose to 3.0%. Inthis way, Canada has been experiencing steady growth. This goal is being metbecause of the increase in consumer spending inspite of the government cutbacks. Consumer spending levels tell producers what to produce, and how much to produce. If consumer spending increases, it gives a signal to the producers to producemore which causes the increasing GDP. The government cutbacks contribute doescontribute to lower consumer confidence and, thus, slows the economic growth. Slow, growth causes few jobs to be created as it means a slower rate ofexpansion of industries. When there is slow growth, few jobs are being created,so it does not help the goal of low unemployment. Slow growth also keepsinflation low. For example, in September 1996, the inflation rate changed from1.3% to 1.2%. To stimulate economic growth, interest rates must be kept low. For example, the bank rate decreased to 3.5% in November 1996. This encouragesbusinesses to borrow money and to expand. Increased exports also help stimulateeconomic growth, because increases in foreign demand for Canadian goods andservices may stimulate the domestic markets. The goal of economic stability has been achieved. In 1996, the inflationrate has been relatively low. The inflation rate has been kept low as a resultof consumer confidence. Consumers were not willing to spend on expensive itemswith the current job picture. This has contributed to the low inflation rate. For 1996, the annual inflation rate has been in the 1.2% to 1.7% range. The CPIin November 1996 was 136.8, but in November 1995, the CPI was 134.1. Over thecourse of the year, the CPI has only changed 2.0%. The effects of stability isthat the purchasing power of Canadian currency remains more of less the same. .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb , .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .postImageUrl , .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb , .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:hover , .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:visited , .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:active { border:0!important; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:active , .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u123bb5921dfcc41ebed825878be6d1bb:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Music Defines Dress EssayWith low inflation, the value of the Canadian dollar, decreases very little. Inflation rate can be tolerated if it provides an incentive for businesses toexpand. There, low inflation is also an incentive of economic growth. Lowinflation prompts the banks to lower interest rates which also encourageseconomic growth. Since there are trade offs when deciding whether to raise orlwer the inflation rate, governments must keep in mind that high inflation isnot healthy, but a little inflation is a prerequisite for growth. The goal of economic efficiency has not yet been achieved, but Canadahas always been progressing towards this goal. In Canada, technology hasconstantly been improving and updating. If new technology is used, the economycan operate more efficiently, for example, the